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Drafting the Egyptian Constitution: a Comparative Analysis Between the Drafting Committees of the 2012 and 2014 Constitutions

Karim Mahmoud El-Shahed

Resumo


This article analyzes the significant role the constitutional drafting committees of the 2012 and 2014 Egyptian Constitutions played in shaping Egyptian constitutionalism. It investigates how these committees were selected, along with their composition, their members’ political backgrounds and legal expertise, their policies and aims as well as the contexts of the drafting of both constitutions. It also examines the written preliminary works of the drafting committees, as well as the video-recorded meetings. This article argues that a multi-level independent constitutional drafting committee composed of technical experts and lay people effectively facilitates the drafting of democratic constitutional provisions.


Palavras-chave


legislative drafting; constitutional drafting; Egyptian Constitution; Egyptian legal system; constitution.

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Referências


ABDELAAL, Mohamed. Entrenchment Illusion: The Curious Case of Egypt's Constitutional Entrenchment Clause. Chicago-Kent Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2016.

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CHICK, Kristen. Why is Egypt's Draft Constitution so Controversial? The Christian Science Monitor. 30 November 2012.

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HAMZAWY, Amr; FAKIR, Intissar. Drafting Egypt’s Constitution. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Washington, DC, 15 November 2012.

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KIRKPATRICK, David D. Egyptian Islamists Approve Draft Constitution Despite Objections. The New York Times. 29 November 2012.

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LANSBERG-RODRÍGUEZ, Daniel. An Obituary for the Egyptian Constitution, Dec. 26, 2012-July 3, 2013. Foreign Policy. Washington, DC, 4 July 2013.

SKY NEWS ARABIA. Egypt.. The Judiciary Nullifies the (Constitution's Assembly). 10 April 2012.

STEFANOU, Constantin. Drafters, Drafting and the Policy Process, in STEFANOU, Constantin; XANTHAKI, Helen (eds.). Drafting Legislation: A Modern Approach. Ashgate, 2008.

The Preliminary Works of the Fifty Committee. (in Arabic).

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TRAGER, Eric. Egypt's New Constitution: Bleak Prospects. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Washington, DC, 16 December 2013.

XANTHAKI, Helen. On Transferability of Legislative Solutions: The Functionality Test. In: STEFANOU, Constantin; XANTHAKI, Helen (eds.). Drafting Legislation: A Modern Approach. Ashgate, 2008.

Interviews

Interview with Mona Zulficar. Member of the Fifty Committee of Drafting the Egyptian Constitution of 2014 ‘Telephone Call’. 30 June 2018.

Interview with Yusuf Auf, Constitutional Expert and Board Member of the Arab Association for Constitutional Law ‘Telephone Call’. 1 July 2018.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21056/aec.v20i79.1308

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Direitos autorais 2020 Karim Mahmoud El-Shahed

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